Wisdom teeth, or third molars, are the last teeth to develop in the mouth — usually appearing behind the upper and lower second molars. When a wisdom tooth remains underneath the gum, or when it is blocked from erupting or coming into the mouth normally, it is termed “impacted”. Serious problems can develop from partially impacted teeth, such as pain, infection, and crowding of, or even damage to, adjacent teeth. For totally impacted teeth, more serious problems can occur if the sac that surrounds the impacted tooth fills with fluid and enlarges to form a cyst. This enlargement can hollow out the jaw and result in permanent damage to the adjacent teeth, jawbone, and nerves.
If the cyst is not treated, a tumor may develop from the walls of the cyst and a more involved surgical procedure may be required for removal. It is recommended to remove wisdom teeth early because of the problems mentioned above. As a person grows older, it becomes more difficult to remove wisdom teeth and complications can become more frequent and severe thus, we may recommend the wisdom tooth extraction even if they are not yet causing obvious problems. Whether you need to have one tooth or multiple teeth extracted, it can be done in here in our office for most cases. Local anesthesia is used in all cases, but it can be supplemented with various levels of conscious sedation, ranging from oral pre-medication to I.V. sedation.
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